Toxoplasmosis is caused by an organism called Toxoplasma gondii. It is a protozoan parasite that can cause problems in infants if their mothers are infected prior to birth.
It can be difficult to tell in older pets or those with chronic disease whether their quality of life is failing or poor and what pain, if any, they feel. Animals in pain can be stoic, feeling significant pain on the inside but showing few outwards signs of it.
Inherited eye disease, eye infections and eye trauma are all problems we see in dogs and cats on a regular basis. Eye problems are often uncomfortable or painful, and some can progress to permanent damage or loss of vision, so properly diagnosing eye problems is essential.
Kennel cough, medically known as infectious tracheobronchitis, is caused by several different bacteria, viruses and mycoplasmas. Sometimes, they are all present in what we call the canine infectious respiratory disease complex.
The cornea is a tough translucent structure about one millimeter thick. It protects the front of the eye while simultaneously allowing light to pass through to the retina.
Corneal ulcers are painful because of the sensitive nerve endings in the eye. Ulcers also cause the iris to spasm, adding to the pain. Topical atropine medication is put into the eye to relax the iris muscle and greatly reduce the pain. Occasionally, oral-pain medication is used to control the
In March, the Los Angeles County Department of Veterinary Public Health reported that H3N2 canine influenza was identified in dogs in Los Angeles (LA) County. Most of the dogs were imported from Asia and were seen by a
Glaucoma is a disease in which the normal fluid in the eye does not drain properly. This causes pressure buildup, significant pain and possible loss of vision if not diagnosed and treated early in the course of the disease.
Animals have a unique structure around the eye. It’s called the nictitating membrane, more informally known as the third eyelid. This gland can sometimes get inflamed and protrude from under the nictitating membrane, hence the term cherry eye.
Although the concentration of the toxin is low and doesn’t pose a threat to people swimming in the water—prohibited in the parks at any rate—it can be dangerous to humans
The eyes are sensitive organs, and dogs that have this problem have eyes that are in constant discomfort.
Brachiocephalic dogs are the ones with faces that are pushed in as compared to the “normal” dog with an extended nose. Well-known breeds include bulldogs of all types, Boston terriers, pugs, Pekingese, shih tzu and Lhasa apso.
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